Epigenetic Inheritance: All in the Family
by Tina Van Horn, Director of Research & Business Development at SL Technology Inc., a Reliv Company
Nature and Nurture
Everyone has genetic predispositions, those things that “run in the family.” For many this is a list of conditions such as obesity, heart disease, diabetes and arthritis. Sound familiar? Epigenetics brings a positive perspective to the fear and uncertainty that comes from checking all those boxes on a health history form. We now know that healthy lifestyle choices have the power to influence and even override our faulty genetic codes.
Families pass on both DNA and lifestyle habits that serve as epigenetic signals to that DNA (transgenerational epigenetic inheritance). Nutritional choices, exercise, stress management and environmental exposures all influence whether genes get turned on or remain silent. While epigenetic marks are reversible (e.g. activated genes can be deactivated), healthy habits that start early in life can prevent negative genes from ever being activated in the first place.
The Earlier, the Better
Child development experts and medical professionals agree that healthy lifestyle habits are learned behaviors most strongly influenced by the family. Researchers also concur that nutritional habits established in infancy and childhood set the stage for a lifetime of dietary patterns.
A recent CDC report, for example, highlights the importance of eating practices in the first year of life. When children drink sugar-sweetened beverages during the first 12 months, this doubles the odds they will drink those beverages at age six. And limited fruit and vegetable consumption in the first year leads to limited fruits and vegetables at age six.
Making Health a Family Priority
Dietary preferences aren’t the only behaviors from home that carry over into adulthood with lingering epigenetic effects. Stress management, sleep patterns and exercise are all influenced by family culture.
Work, social activities, media and electronics compete for time that could be spent planning and preparing meals, engaging in physical activity or getting sufficient rest. Parents today work an average of three hours more per week than they did in the 1960s. That can mean the difference between home-cooked meals and visits to the drive-thru.
The American Academy of Pediatrics report, titled “Children, Adolescents, Obesity and the Media,” states: “American society couldn’t do a worse job at the moment of keeping children fit and healthy — too much TV, too many food ads, not enough exercise and not enough sleep.”
Top 10: Family Health Tips
Raising healthy kids today can feel like climbing Mt. Everest. But it can be done! It all starts when you embrace health as a family.
1) Be a good role model. You don’t have to be perfect, but if kids see you trying to eat right and exercise, they will take notice.
2) Get the family moving together. Take walks, ride bikes, go swimming, garden or just play hide-and-seek outside. Everyone will benefit from the exercise and time together.
3) Limit TV, video games and computer time. These habits encourage a sedentary lifestyle and contribute to excessive snacking.
4) Encourage physical activities that they enjoy. Let your child experience different activities. Be creative and incorporate exercise into everyday situations.
5) Pick truly rewarding rewards. Resist the urge to reward kids with TV, video games, candy or snacks.
6) Make dinnertime a family time. Get your kids involved in cooking and planning meals. No TV or portable media devices during dinner (that includes YOUR phone).
7) Make a game of reading food labels. The whole family will become more conscious of what they eat — a habit that can change behavior for a lifetime.
8) Make healthy food choices easy. Save countertops, front-of-fridge and lower shelves for fruits, vegetables and healthy snacks. Provide a variety of choices. You might be surprised at what they like!
9) Limit sugary beverages. Beware of sugar-laden drinks marketed as juice beverages. Check the ingredient labels and serving sizes.
10) Stay involved. Be an advocate for healthier children. Insist on good food choices at school and other social settings.
Healthy families don’t happen overnight, so set realistic goals when adopting new behaviors. Pick one strategy and allow time for kids to adjust. Small steps and gradual changes can make a big difference in your health over time and in the health of your kids over their lifetime!
Give Your Kids a Healthy Head Start
Optimal nutrition promotes healthy growth, cognitive development and strong immunity during childhood — and reduces the risk of health problems later in life. Reliv Now® for Kids is specially formulated to provide the vitamins, minerals and micronutrients growing bodies need to thrive, plus advanced ingredients for added benefits:
LunaRich®: Reliv’s exclusive epigenetic superfood proven to support innate immunity and overall cellular health.
DHA: omega-3 fatty acid critical for development and function of the brain, eyes and central nervous system.
PS and PC: (phosphatidylserine and phosphatidyl choline) natural compounds that support healthy cellular development, mental clarity, memory, learning and cognitive function.
Grape Seed Extract: powerful antioxidant that protects against cell-destroying free radicals.
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